3 main types of plumbing systems and why you should have them?

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The plumbing systems are one of the key systems for all residential and commercial buildings. Every building contains 3 different types of plumbing systems. Professional plumbers are responsible for designing, installing, repairing, and maintaining each plumbing system type for ensured efficiency.

Do you want to learn more about these 3 types of plumbing systems? Or why is it beneficial to have these plumbing systems? Let’s learn more about these below.

So, here we go:

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A comprehensive guide on 3 main types of plumbing systems and their importance.

Typically, three main types of plumbing systems are imperative in the mechanical planning of any building. Creating a water system for excellent sanitation and drainage is the key here. The system includes water pressure design, undergoing, overhead pipes, sewer pipes, and pipe sloping.

During the planning stage, your architect and professional plumber will share plumbing system ideas as per the specific needs of the building. Electricians are also involved in the process because some water system components require connection to power systems such as water pumps and heaters.

Although the plumbing system seems like a random puzzle of fittings and pipes. However, these systems have a logical layout. Each type of plumbing system has its importance in a building. Let’s explore more about these below:

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Portable plumbing system

A portable plumbing system is responsible for bringing water from a water source to the building for human use. The main water supply of the building usually contains a plumbing valve. You can turn this plumbing valve off whenever it is necessary to turn the water supply off.

Moreover, the portable plumbing system also contains a water meter. This water meter can record how much water has been consumed within a structure.

The portable plumbing system is used to move water we consume daily for cleaning, dishwashing, showering, and other similar activities. Different fittings and pipes are used to manage water distribution across the building.

A portable plumbing system comprises various systems to manage water distribution. These more often include:

  • T-section pipes have a right-angle configuration to them.
  • Straight pipes are typical for transporting potable water into the plumbing system. The size of straight pipes is based on the plumbing structure designed to efficiently transport water to the destination.
  • Brass and Gate Valves regulate water flowing through the portable plumbing system. This is the principal purpose of these appliances in the plumbing system.
  • Elbows are directional adjustments in any plumbing system. These adjustments are accomplished with the system’s help of straight and T-section pipes.

Sanitary plumbing system

Have you ever wondered what happened to the water that we use regularly? Well, the sanitary plumbing system, aka drainage plumbing system, is another important type of plumbing system in the building.

This plumbing system is necessary to collect wastewater. The sanitary plumbing system consists of a network of main pipes, pumps, and pipes for collecting wastewater. Moreover, the sanitary plumbing system also has a compartment for sludge and sewage separation.

This plumbing system is beneficial in virtually every building structure for wastewater disposal. However, the system requires professional maintenance from expert plumbers. As an unmaintained sanitary plumbing system can cause problems for the environment. The sanitary plumbing system contains various substances harmful to humans and other living species.

A sanitary plumbing system usually consists of three different types of systems. These include:

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Gravity system

The gravity system is a more commonly used sanitary system. This sanitary plumbing system takes advantage of the land’s natural slope to collect wastewater and transport it to the sewage network. Most importantly, such a sanitary plumbing system is used in regions that aren’t at risk of flooding and have a particularly low water table.

Vacuum systems

Vacuum systems are also a popular option for the gravity-based system. Unlike the gravity mentioned above systems, vacuum systems use electric power. Moreover, vacuum systems are utilized in certain locations only. These certain locations include flat areas, seasonal places, reclaimed earth areas, and other areas charged with electricity.

Vacuum valves are used to connect sewage fittings along with a central vacuum station. This vacuum station comprises discharge pumps, controls, and a collection chamber.

Low-pressure systems

On the other hand, low-pressure systems are another effective alternative to typical gravity-based swage systems. This system contains an interceptor tank along with a chamber unit. The chamber unit boasts an electrical pump located within the system.

Stormwater plumbing system

The key reason to get a stormwater plumbing system is the removal of rainwater from your building. This plumbing system is installed with a certain layout and characteristics to ensure rainwater is transferred away successfully.

The water in a stormwater plumbing system is gathered and transported through the following systems:

  • Gravity-Fed Systems make water flow without any restriction through drainage systems. The building’s size and rainfall amount are key factors in deciding the suitable diameter of pipes.
  • Stormwater Harvesting and Discharge to transport water to nearby locations. This system requires large channels and pipes.
  • Pump-Based Systems are essential when gravity-fed systems don’t function properly due to ground slope. Then the stormwater plumbing system requires a pump to collect rainwater from tanks and move it away.

A stormwater plumbing system will move and transfer water away from the following areas. These include:


A subsoil drain system is necessary to remove water trapped below the ground. These subsoil drains collect stormwater before it goes to the drain.


The roof of a building with a stormwater plumbing system has a specific design to make rainwater easily travel down in the pipes. The water will be removed from the roof completely and quickly. The roof and downpipe design and size will be influenced based on the average rainfall the area receives.


Both paved and unpaved surfaces can have water to remove. The stormwater plumbing system will ensure the removal of the water through the surface’s angle. Although the system may include adjacent drains.

Overall, each type of plumbing system has its purpose. To accommodate their functions, having all these in your building is necessary. Reach us today for best Plumbers Tulsa services and love it!

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